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The Objectivity is the Best Way to Know the Truth about Reality
Compared with the perspectivism, which emphasizes the subjectivity as the primary concept to interpret the world, the science is the methods that the researchers and academic scholars use to evaluate the objective world, which constructs the world based on the theory of the empiricism. Based on the perspective of the empiricism, the world is entirely objective, which means that the spiritual factors of individuals do not affect the world itself (299). The insufficient part of the subjectivity is that based on its definition, there is nothing material, whereby there is nothing immaterial (302). Therefore, the concept will not exist in the world, which is not an effective way to know the truth about reality. Overall, using the science that represents the objectivity, people can interpret the world with more effective and comprehensive methods.
Based on the interpretation of the science, the truth is formed with more comprehensive and precise processes compared with the perspectivism. According to the illustration of Rene Descartes, truth identification requires four specific processes (250). The first requirement of truth is that it just has enough proves and logic as his support (250). The process of proving the truth is the excluding to all the doubts. In contrast, the perspectivism emphasized the importance of the subjective intuitive, which means that the intuitive is taken into consideration during the process of interpreting the truth about reality. To form a more detailed illustration of the benefits of the science of objectivity in comparison with the perspectivism, there will be formed through two examples.
Also, the same logic can be found on the progress that human beings have towards the universe. From the earth-centered theory to the sun-centered theory, the cognition that people have towards the universe indeed change greatly with more advanced technology. With the advancing of the technology, the image of the universe is constantly changing.
Science is more practical than perspectivism when dealing with societal issues. From the perspective of the climate change, the scientists can provide countless proofs to prove that the climate change is happening and it will cause serious environmental issues while the perspectivism cannot conclude such result based only on the subjective of the individuals. Moreover, science also has the requirement of the examination of the solutions of the question. According to the article of Descartes, he considers the adequate solution as the important process of the truth-finding (250). Therefore, following the path of science, people can solve climate change gradually. However, if using the perspectivism to interpret the issue, the result is more possible to be influenced by the prejudice of people. The condition is the same as the perspectives of the interpretation of the universe. What is changing is not the universe itself. Instead, it is the mind of the people and their cognition towards the world that is changing. Therefore, it is also difficult to conduct a theory based on the perspectivism since the subjective mind of the people is constantly changing.
Katherine, Amber L. Greening Philosophy: A Fresh Introduction to the Field. Kendall Hunt, 2011. Print.